The biological approach requires a farmer to understand natural processes and natural indicators on the farm that identify the lack of soil life activity and hence plant available nutrition. The biological farmer uses an environmentally responsive farming method which is becoming increasingly accepted by farmers worldwide who want to ensure the long-term productivity o f their land, while growing better crops and producing superior animals and reaping profits.
The farmer sees insects, disease and weeds as indicators of poor available nutrition. He looks for the root cause of these problems and addresses the cause not the problem. He uses natural laws and beneficial soil life – bacteria, fungi, earthworm, etc. Skilled biological farmers learn how to take care of soil life – they nurture it, feed it a balanced diet and use tillage tools and animals to enhance soil life.
The farmers learn how to evaluate soil for its health, tilth and soil life. Biological farmers learn the “when” and “how” of fertilizer use for soil correction, feeding soil life, balancing nutrients and feeding crop with the proper balance between soluble and slow-release materials. The biological farmer understands the necessity for a balanced relationship between the elements to sustain life.
Care of soil life. The productivity of a soil can never be greater than the plant food element in east supply. A healthy soil system contains very high microbial activity to naturally recycle nutrients. Biological agriculture provides a unique approach to sustainable and profitable production through the use of biological farming techniques. Soils have been so badly degraded that they struggle to support plant and animal health, let alone enhance water and air quality and human health.